Chemistry Comparisons

Disinfectant Report Card: Peracetic Acid

Virox Technologies Inc. | Virox Animal Health

Peracetic acid(PAA)was first registered as a disinfectant in 1985 by the EPA. PAA is produced by combining acetic acid (vinegar) and hydrogen peroxide. The result is a peroxideversion of acetic acid (vinegar) that has a very distinctive anda pungent vinegary smell.

Disinfectant Report Card: Glutaraldehyde

Virox Technologies Inc.

Glutaraldehyde (GLUT) or 1,5-pentanedial is one the most commonly used disinfectant ingredients from the family of aldehydes. Glutaraldehydeis a biocide with broad spectrum of activity including sporicidal activity. However, it is also a protein fixative, therefore the surfaces soiled with protein based soils like blood must be pre-cleaned with a detergent solution prior to their exposure to glut; otherwise the blood soils will be fixed on the instrument.

Disinfectant Report Card: Phenols

Virox Technologies Inc. | Virox Animal Health

The disinfection capabilities of phenolic compounds have been recognized for an extremely long time. Since the 17th century, phenols have been used as dressings on wounds. Today, phenols exhibit a broad range of disinfection capabilities. They show broad microbial efficacy, however this efficacy largely depends on a multitude of environmental factors such as pH, temperature, dilution and soil load. Phenols are extremely active disinfectants which can contaminate the environment with harmful by-products and consistently exhibit a harsh safety profile.

Disinfectant Report Card: QUATS

Virox Technologies Inc. | Virox Animal Health

The antimicrobial capabilities of QUATs were first observed in the 19th century and have been used in disinfectant formulations ever since. QUATs are widely regarded as stable and highly dilutable making them viable, cost-effective solutions. However, QUATs generally have longer contact times, are only readily effective against easier to kill pathogens and accumulate in the environment which can lead to antimicrobial resistance.

Disinfectant Report Card: Silver

Virox Technologies Inc. | Virox Aninmal Health

Silver, in disinfection, refers to colloidal nanoparticles of silver that are stabilized by chelating molecules. Silver containing disinfectants have been used extensively for topical wound applications and other medical surface antisepsis and in the past decade the use of silver disinfecting agents has increased dramatically. Silver is generally not effective in the presence of organic soils, so pre-cleaning must be done in order for the disinfectant to be effective. While silver has efficacy against a broad spectrum of pathogens, it has been known to lead to antimicrobial resistance and is a hazard to both the user and the environment.

Health Care Health & Safety Association of Ontario Cleaning and Disinfection of Environmental Surfaces

HCHSA | Health Care Health & Safety Association of Ontario (HCHSA)

Hydrogen Peroxide based formulation was recommended by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care during SARS for the decontamination of equipment and vehicles” “Highlights criteria one should consider when choosing a disinfectant: cleaner, faster, safer, environmentally responsible

Disinfection Best Management Practices


Health care facilities, dental offices, veterinary clinics, schools, day care centers, and public buildings all use some form of disinfecting. Incorporating disinfection best management practices protects building occupants and the environment

Chelators – BioUltra Reagents

SIGMA-ALDRICH | BioUltra Chelatorss

The Greek origin of the word chelate signifies the plier-like claws of a crab. A chelate is a water-soluble complex between a metal ion and a complexing agent. It usually does not dissociate easily in solution, but forms an inert complex.

Bacterial Resistance to Disinfectants Containing Quaternary Ammonium Compounds

Sundheim, G.; Langsrud, S.; Heir, E.; Holck, A. L.; Bessems, E.; Terpstra, P. M. J. (eds.) | International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation vol. 41, no. 3-4, pp. 235-239

This article highlights the abstracts of 8 studies that verify different organism resistance to Quaternary Ammonium Compounds

Cleaning Studies of AHP Versus Leading Brands

Virox Technologies Inc.

This article highlights the importance of surfactants and the synergy of non-ionic and anionic surfactants to make a very effective cleaner